The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) between your skull and jaw is one of the most complex and flexible joints in your body. It can move in almost any direction while withstanding the enormous forces generated by chewing and biting.
When a dysfunction affects the muscles, cartilage and connective tissues of the TMJ, pain and difficulty moving the jaw can result. These symptoms are referred to collectively as TMJ dysfunction or simply TMJ.
TMJ can be caused by genetic factors, trauma to the jaw, teeth clenching and grinding, degeneration of the joint with age, poor posture, and arthritis.
Common symptoms include soreness and pain in the area of the joint (just below and in front of your earlobe), headaches, trouble opening and closing your mouth, popping sounds from the joint, dizziness and ringing in your ears.
TMJ is diagnosed by a physical examination of your jaws and mouth by the doctor. Once the cause of your TMJ are identified, the doctor will prescribe appropriate treatments.
Depending on the severity of your symptoms we may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication, rehabilitation of the joint, massage, physical therapy, or referral for a consult with a surgeon.